*Stitch Index* 
(Alphabetical)
J - Z

Jacquard Stitch

Kalem Stitch

Kelim Stitch

Kilim Stitch

Knitting Stitch

Knitting Stitch (Diagonal)

Knitting Stitch 
(Reverse Tvistom)

Knotted Stitch

Knotted Stitch (Single)

Ladder Stitch

Leaf Stitch

Leaf Stitch (Diagonal)

Leaf Stitch with Backstitch

Leviathan Stitch

Leviathan Stitch (Double)

Leviathan Stitch 
(Triple)

Long Armed Cross Stitch

Long Stitch

Long and Short Stitch

Loop Stitch

Mexican Cross Stitch

Milanese Stitch

Montenegrin Stitch

Moorish Stitch

Mosaic Stitch

Mosaic Stitch (Crossed)

Mound Stitch

Nobuko Stitch

Oblique Stitch

Oblique Stitch (Diagonal)

Oblique Stitch (Reverse)

Oblique Slav Stitch

Oblong Cross Stitch

Oblong Cross Stitch with Backstitch

Oriental Stitch

Outline Stitch

Palestrina Stitch

Palace Pattern Stitch

Paris Stitch

Parisian Stitch

Pavillion Stitch

Perspective Stitch

Plait Stitch

Plait Stitch (Crossed)

Plait Stitch (Square)

Plaited Edge Stitch

Plaited Gobelin Stitch

Plaited Interlaced Stitch

Portuguese Cross Stitch

Portuguese Stem Stitch

Princess Pattern Stitch

Pyramid Stitch

Quick Point

Raised Stitch

Raised Cross Stitch

Ray Stitch

Ray Stitch (Expanded)

Renaissance Stitch

Rep Stitch

Reverse Bargello

Reversed Basketweave Stitch

Reversed Cross Stitch

Rhodes Stitch

Ribbed Wheels Stitch

Rice Stitch

Rice Stitch (Padded)

Rococco Stitch

Roman Stitch

Rope Stitch

Roumanian Stitch

Rug Binding Stitch

Rya Stitch

Satin Stitch

Satin Stitch
 (Alternating)

Satin Stitch
 (Padded)

Scotch Stitch

Scotch Stitch (Alternating)

Scotch Stitch (Condensed)

Scotch Stitch (Crossed)

Scotch Stitch (Woven)

Scottish Stitch

Sheaf Stitch

Shell Stitch

Single Knotted Stitch

Slanted Gobelin Stitch

Smyrna Cross Stitch

Sorbello Stitch

Soumak Stitch

Spanish Stitch

Spider Web Stitch

Split Stitch

Sprats Head Stitch

Square Plait Stitch

Star Stitch

Star Stitch (Large)

Stem Stitch

Stem Stitch
 (Diagonal)

Stepped Sheaf Stitch

Surrey Stitch

Sutherland Pattern Stitch

Tapestry Stitch

Tent Stitch

Tent Stitch (Alternating)

Tent Stitch
 (Diagonal Mosaic)

Tie Stitch

Trame

Trammed Tent Stitch

Triangle Stitch

Tufting Stitch

Turkey Stitch

Tvistom Stitch

Two Sided Italian 
Cross Stitch

Upright Cross Stitch

Van Dyke Stitch

Velvet Stitch

Waffle Stitch

Wave Stitch (Closed)

Wave Stitch (Open)

Weaving Stitch

Web Stitch

Wheat Sheaf Stitch

Woven Band Stitch 

Woven Pattern 
Stitch


Single Mono Canvas 10 Mesh
Double Canvas (Penelope) 10 mesh
Rug Canvas 3.3 Mesh
Rug Canvas 5 Mesh
Single Canvas (aka Mono Canvas): Single canvas has commonly been made of hemp or linen thread. Today's canvas can be made of cotton or synthetics (nylon,etc.) Mono canvas is composed of a mesh of single threads. Mono canvas is available in a wide variety of gauges.
Double (Penelope) Canvas
Penelope Canvas has commonly been made of hemp or linen thread. Today's canvas can be made of cotton or synthetics (nylon,etc). Penelope canvas is composed of a mesh of double vertical and double horizontal threads. 
Rug Canvas: 
Rug canvas is commonly made of a large mesh of strong cotton threads. An individual mesh is formed by twisting two threads around each other lengthwise and locking them around a crosswise thread made the same way. These threads cannot be separated. Rug canvas is available in two different gauges - 3.3 mesh and 5 mesh. 5 mesh is obviously better for more detailed work. 
Mono Canvas
Penelope Canvas
Rug Canvas 3.3 Mesh
Rug Canvas 5 Mesh
 
CANVAS:
There are a few different types of canvas to choose from: 
Single Canvas (aka Mono Canvas), 
Double Canvas (aka Penelope Canvas), and Rug Canvas. All canvas is measured by the number of threads or the number of holes (mesh) to the inch. This is referred to as Canvas Gauge. To determine the Gauge of a canvas, use a ruler and count the number of meshes (holes) in one inch. If there are 10 holes in an inch you are working with 10-mesh canvas.
There are two types of single canvas - Plain Mono Canvas and Interlock Mono Canvas. These two types of mono canvas differ in the way each is contructed. 

Plain Mono Canvas is made by intersecting two single threads (lengthwise and crosswise). This is the less expensive of the two mono canvases. 
Interlock Mono Canvas is made by twisting two thin threads around each other for the lengthwise thread and "locking" them into a single crosswise thread. This produces a more stable canvas and is, of course, more expensive.
This makes it a very durable canvas to work with.
Penelope canvas is available in a wide variety of gauges. The gauge of this canvas is documented differently than the Mono canvas. It is given as two number separated by a slash. For example, 5/10 gauge. The first number is the smaller number and refers to the number of double meshes per inch. The second number is the larger number and refers to the number of meshes per inch if the threads are separated. These numbers are important when working with different types of stitches.
When working with different types of stitches, the Penelope canvas is valuable because it can be adjusted to whatever size you need for each individual stitch. You may work a stitch as it is with double mesh and then, you may separate the pairs of threads and form four plain mono meshes, in which you may work four smaller stitches. This canvas works well for finely stitched areas.
Choosing the canvas is one of the most important aspects of designing a needlepoint project. As discussed in the previous article, The Five Basic Types of Needlepoint Stitches, another important decision involves choosing the stitch or stitches to be used in the piece. Although the two elements are dependent upon each other, in this article we will discuss the needlepoint canvas. The type and size of the canvas used will depend on the amount of detail in the design of your project. Obviously, the more detailed the design, the finer the gauge of canvas.

There are a few different types of canvas to choose from. They consist of Single Canvas (aka Mono Canvas), Double Canvas (aka Penelope Canvas), Rug Canvas and Plastic Canvas.  All canvas is measured by the number of threads or the number of holes (mesh) to the inch. This is referred to as Canvas Gauge. To determine the Gauge of a canvas, use a ruler and count the number of meshes (holes) in one inch. If there are 10 holes in an inch you are working with 10-mesh canvas.

Single Canvas (aka Mono Canvas):
Single canvas has commonly been made of hemp or linen thread. Today's canvas can be made of cotton or synthetics (nylon, etc.) Mono canvas is composed of a mesh of single threads. Mono canvas is available in a wide variety of gauges.
There are two types of single canvas - Plain Mono Canvas and Interlock Mono Canvas. These two types of mono canvas differ in the way each is constructed. 
Plain Mono Canvas is made by intersecting two single threads (lengthwise and crosswise). This is the less expensive of the two mono canvases. Interlock Mono Canvas is made by twisting two thin threads around each other for the lengthwise thread and "locking" them into a single crosswise thread. This produces a more stable canvas and is, of course, more expensive.

Double (Penelope) Canvas: 
Penelope Canvas has commonly been made of hemp or linen thread. Today's canvas can be made of cotton or synthetics (nylon, etc). Penelope canvas is composed of a mesh of double vertical and double horizontal threads. This makes it a very durable canvas to work with.
Penelope canvas is available in a wide variety of gauges. The gauge of this canvas is documented differently than the Mono canvas. It is given as two number separated by a slash. For example, 5/10 gauge. The first number is the smaller number and refers to the number of double meshes per inch. The second number is the larger number and refers to the number of meshes per inch if the threads are separated. These numbers are important when working with different types of stitches.
When working with different types of stitches, the Penelope canvas is valuable because it can be adjusted to whatever size you need for each individual stitch. You may work a stitch as it is with double mesh and then, you may separate the pairs of threads and form four plain mono meshes, in which you may work four smaller stitches. This canvas works well for finely stitched areas.

Rug Canvas: 
Rug canvas is commonly made of a large mesh of strong cotton threads. An individual mesh is formed by twisting two threads around each other lengthwise and  locking them around a crosswise thread made the same way. 
These threads cannot be separated. Rug canvas is available in two different gauges - 3.3 mesh and 5 mesh. 5 mesh is obviously better for more detailed work.

Plastic Canvas:
Plastic Canvas is a stiff canvas that is generally used for small projects, such as coasters. This canvas is sold as “pre-cut pieces” rather than by the yard. Plastic Canvas is an excellent choice for beginners who want to practice different stitches.

These are the types of canvas available for needlepoint. Please note that many needlepoint stitches may also be worked on material. Some of the smaller stitches are useful for embroidery work on clothing. Burlap and other strong cloth materials are excellent choices as well.
An Introduction to Needlepoint Canvas 

By: Carolyn McNeil
June 1, 2007
The Four F's (Fish, Fowl, Flowers, Flutterbys)The Four F's (Fish, Fowl, Flowers, Flutterbys)
The Four F's (Fish, Fowl, Flowers, Flutterbys)The Four F's (Fish, Fowl, Flowers, Flutterbys)The Four F's (Fish, Fowl, Flowers, Flutterbys)
The Four F's (Fish, Fowl, Flowers, Flutterbys)The Four F's (Fish, Fowl, Flowers, Flutterbys)The Four F's (Fish, Fowl, Flowers, Flutterbys)The Four F's (Fish, Fowl, Flowers, Flutterbys)
The Four F's (Fish, Fowl, Flowers, Flutterbys)The Four F's (Fish, Fowl, Flowers, Flutterbys)The Four F's (Fish, Fowl, Flowers, Flutterbys)
The Four F's (Fish, Fowl, Flowers, Flutterbys)The Four F's (Fish, Fowl, Flowers, Flutterbys)
The Four F's (Fish, Fowl, Flowers, Flutterbys)
The Four F's (Fish, Fowl, Flowers, Flutterbys)The Four F's (Fish, Fowl, Flowers, Flutterbys)
The Four F's (Fish, Fowl, Flowers, Flutterbys)The Four F's (Fish, Fowl, Flowers, Flutterbys)
The Four F's (Fish, Fowl, Flowers, Flutterbys)The Four F's (Fish, Fowl, Flowers, Flutterbys)The Four F's (Fish, Fowl, Flowers, Flutterbys)
The Four F's (Fish, Fowl, Flowers, Flutterbys)The Four F's (Fish, Fowl, Flowers, Flutterbys)The Four F's (Fish, Fowl, Flowers, Flutterbys)The Four F's (Fish, Fowl, Flowers, Flutterbys)
The Four F's (Fish, Fowl, Flowers, Flutterbys)The Four F's (Fish, Fowl, Flowers, Flutterbys)The Four F's (Fish, Fowl, Flowers, Flutterbys)
The Four F's (Fish, Fowl, Flowers, Flutterbys)The Four F's (Fish, Fowl, Flowers, Flutterbys)
The Four F's (Fish, Fowl, Flowers, Flutterbys)
The Four F's (Fish, Fowl, Flowers, Flutterbys)The Four F's (Fish, Fowl, Flowers, Flutterbys)
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*Stitch Index* 
(Alphabetical)
A - I

2,4,6,8 & Tie Stitch

Algerian Eye Stitch

Algerian Eye Daisy
 Stitch

Algerian Filling Stitch

Algerian Plait Stitch

Alternating Cross 
Stitch

Astrakhan Stitch

Aubusson Stitch

Back Stitch

Bargello Stitch

Basketweave Stitch

Bazaar Stitch

Binding Stitch

Bokhara Couching Stitch

Bokhara Couching Stitch (Diagonal)

Bokhara Couching Stitch (Staggered)

Brazilian Stitch

Brick Stitch

Brighton Stitch

Bullion Knot

Buttonhole Stitch

Buttonhole Stitch (Detached)

Buttonhole Stitch (Double)

Buttonhole Stitch (Tailored)

Buttonhole Stitch (Whipped)

Buttonhole Wheel
 Stitch

Byzantine Stitch

Cable Stitch

Cashmere Stitch

Chain Stitch

Chain Stitch
 (Braided Variation)

Chain Stitch
 (Heavy Variation)

Chain Stitch
 (Interlaced Variation)

Chain Stitch (Lazy
 Daisy Variation)

Chain Stitch
 (Raised Variation)

Checker Stitch

Continental Stitch

Coral Knot Stitch

Couching Stitch

Couching Stitch (Buttonhole Variation)

Couching Stitch (Herringbone Variation)

Couching Stitch
 (Open Chain  Variation)

Cretan Stitch

Cretan Stitch 
(Diagonal Variation)

Cross Stitch

Cross Stitch (Bound)

Cross Stitch (Diagonal)

Cross Stitch (Heavy)

Cross Stitch (Houndstooth)

Cross Stitch (Reinforced)

Cross Stitch
 (Reversed Double)

Cross Stitch
 (Staggered)

Cross Stitch (St.Andrew)

Cross Stitch
 (St.George)

Cross Stitch (Trame)

Cross Stitch (Triple)

Cross Stitch
 (Two-Sided)

Cross Stitch
 (Woven)

Cushion Stitch

Czar Stitch

Diagonal Stitch

Darning Stitch

Diagonal Buttonhole Stitch

Diagonal Interlaced Stitch

Diagonal Leaf Stitch

Diamond Stitch

Diamond Eyelet Stitch

Diaper Pattern Stitch

Double Cross Stitch

Double Knot Stitch

Double Star Stitch

Double Stitch

Double Straight
 Cross Stitch

Droit Stitch

Eastern Stitch

Economic Stitch

Egyptian Stitch

Encroaching Slanted Gobelin Stitch

Eye Stitch

Eye Stitch with Backstitch

Fan Stitch

Fancy Stitch

Feather Stitch

Fern Stitch

Fishbone Stitch

Fishbone Stitch (Diagonal)

Flame Stitch

Flat Stitch

Flat Stitch (Crossed)

Florentine Stitch

Florentine Stitch (Split)

Fly Stitch (Closed)

French Knot

French Stitch

Ghiordes Knot

Gobelin Stitch

Gobelin Droit Stitch

Gobelin Filling Stitch

Gobelin Stitch 
(Trammed Upright)

Greek Stitch

Half Cross Stitch

Herringbone Stitch

Herringbone Stitch (Double)

Herringbone Gone Wrong Stitch

Herringbone Stitch
 (Six Step)

Hobnail Stitch

Hungarian Stitch

Hungarian Diamond Stitch

Hungarian Ground 
Stitch

Hungarian Ground 
Stitch (Diagonal)

Hungarian Point Stitch

Interlocking Gobelin Stitch

Irish Stitch
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