J - Z
Persian Yarn - One of the most popular needlepoint yarns because the strands can be separated, thus changing the thickness of the yarn. This is a 2-ply, 3 strand, wool or acrylic yarn.
The most important criteria when choosing yarn for your project are:
#1 - The yarn must be thick enough to cover the canvas.
#2 - The yarn must be thin enough to easily navigate the canvas hole without causing distortion.
Terms you should know:
Strand - the unit measurement by which yarn may be separated.
Ply - the measurement that determines the thickness of a strand. Plies are not easily separated.
There are many different types of yarn and thread. They are:
Crewel Yarn - One of the most popular embroidery yarns because of its size. This is a 2-ply, 1 strand, wool or acrylic yarn. For comparison purposes this yarn is thinner than one strand of Persian Yarn, which is why it is so commonly used for detailed embroidery work.
Tapestry Yarn - This is a 4-ply, 1 strand, wool or acrylic yarn. This yarn is thinner than Persian Yarn.
Embroidery Floss - This type of thread is available in assorted strands. Strands are easily separated. It is made of rayon, cotton or silk.
Rug Yarn - Suitable for rug making only. This is a 3-ply, 1 strand, wool, acrylic or rayon/cotton blend yarn. This is the thickest yarn available and is available in skeins or pre-cut packages.
Pearl Cotton Thread - This thread is made in cotton only. It is a 2-ply, 1 strand thread. It may used in conjunction with other yarns and threads to highlight a piece. It is measured by thickness number: #8 - fine, #5 -medium (this thickness is about the same as crewel yarn), #3 - heavy.
Metallic Thread - This thread is available in an assortment of weights. Although silver and gold are the most commonly used colors, there are many more colors available. Metallic thread is generally used with other yarns and threads because it is not a durable thread on its own.
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