By: Karen Lonergan
My home growing up was with filled with Hardanger embroidery. When I was older, I realized what a treasure these linens were and I now keep them carefully stored and display them for special occasions only. My grandmother was from Norway and
Trame is not a stitch to be used on its own. It is an old method of padding stitches that originated in Europe. Trame is always worked as a foundation for other stitches.
The trammed stitches derive their name from this stitch. Trammed stitches begin with a single foundation stitch with different types of stitches being added over and around it. Two diagrams have been used to demonstrate this stitch. It is important to work the trame' stitch in uneven rows. Clicking on the PRINTABLE VERSION icon, located at the end of the series of diagrams, will direct you to the page to print these instructions.
Trame (Diagram 1):
Bring the needle up at A, move to the right over four canvas threads, bring the needle down at B. Bring the needle up at C, move up THROUGH the A/B stitch, bring the needle down at D. Bring the needle up at E, move to the left over four canvas threads, bring the needle down at F. Bring the needle up at G, move up THROUGH the E/F stitch, bring the needle down at H. Bring the needle up at I, move to the right over four canvas threads, bring
Trame (Diagram 2):
This diagram illustrates how three rows of trame' stitches should look when complete. The red arrows indicate where the stitches join each other as demonstrated in Diagram 1. As you can see from the diagrams, this stitch does not cover well. It should always be used as a foundation stitch for other stitches. Also, remember to vary the lengths of the each stitch in each row. This will prevent uniform ridges from forming.
the needle down at J. Bring the needle up at K, move up THROUGH the I/J stitch, bring the needle down at L. Now, continue on to Diagram 2...
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the southwestern coast of Norway, in a mountainous area at the head of the Hardanger fjord.
Hardanger is a form of cutwork embroidery which is believed to have originated in Asia and Persia. Hardanger has also been referred to as Norwegian lacemaking
despite emigrating to a new country and helping run a fishing camp, she still found time to carry on this lovely tradition.
Hardangersøm (or Hardangersaum), is Norwegian for 'embroidery from Hardanger', and refers to the style of needlework that many of us know as Hardanger embroidery It takes its current name from a town on
because of the way it looks. Portions of the background fabric are cut away and discarded, with the edges worked over in buttonhole stitches. It is worked on white even weave fabric, usually linen or cotton, using linen or pearl cotton threads.
The patterns were used as a favourite decoration worked in bands of embroidery across tablecloths, napkins, towels, bedspreads, pillows and curtains and clothing items such as aprons, shirts, and Norwegian folk costumes.
In simpler forms of hardanger, the holes themselves decorate the fabric but in more advanced techniques, the holes can be filled in with threads in various patterns to create a more elaborate design. You can see both examples in the pictures.
The traditional designs are geometric and based on several shapes: square, rectangle, triangle, diamond, diagonal, zig-zag and cross. These shapes are put together to form many different designs but never created pictures. Patterns varied
greatly from one family to another and from village to village. Eventually specific designs came to be associated with specific places.
Hardanger uses many easy-to-learn stitches of two basic types. The first is counted thread embroidery with simple stitches which can be altered slightly or combined in many interesting ways to create limitless designs. Together with drawn-thread or cut-work embroidery, this leads to a stunning effect!
It often featured:
diamond, triangular or square motifs of cutwork
satin stitching in rectangular blocks (kloster blocks) and other shapes
pulled thread work in the form of four-sided stitch
About the Author:
Karens Variety is a craft patterns retail site with a large selection of new and used crochet, knitting, needlework, cross stitch, plastic canvas, tatting, embroidery, macrame, dolls and sewing patterns, craft books and PDF reproductions of vintage patterns and pattern books. Learn more by visiting the site; subscribe to the Newsletter. Enter the monthly Contest.
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